TAJIKISTAN

Religion – 97.8% Islam
Officially the Republic of Tajikistan
While the state is constitutionally secular, Islam is practiced by almost 98% of the population. Population 91 lakhs

ECONOMY OF TAJIKISTAN

GDP of Tajikistan $8.152 billion (nominal, 2019 est)
For comparison — Nepal’s Nominal GDP is $29.813 billion

CHINA’S CLAIMS

China has had a long standing territorial claim on about 28,500 square kilometres (I I ,000 square miles) of Tajik territory since 1884.
Point to note — when Tajikistan was part of USSR, the People’s republic of China never bothered to stake claim of its land publicly

Why China wants Tajikistan land

CHINESE PRESSURE ON TAJIKISTAN

Tajikistan after independence needed Chinese investments and loans to grow
China was welcoming of this demand but soon started making aggressive claims over Tajik land
The government of Tajikistan bowed down in 2011 and gave away a lot of land to China

TAJIKISTAN LAND GIFT TO CHINA

The Tajik foreign minister Sirodjidin Muhriddin (Aslov) said that this represented 5.5 per cent of the land that Beijing had sought. 1,000 sq km was given to China
For comparison Mumbai’s size is 603.4 km2

NOTES

Beijing holds more than half of Tajikistan’s $2.8 billion external debt, which is equal to 35.9 percent ‘gross domestic product. In the past,Tajikistan has paid off debts to Mainland China by ceding mining rights, and even 0.7 % of its land. Since joining the Belt and Road Initiative in 20 I 7,Tajikistan has seen its trade imbalance with China grow from 12 percent of GDP in 2016 to 22 percent in 2018.

CHINLA SOLDIERS IN TAJIKISTAN

People’s Liberation Army have been present in Tajikistan since approximately 2016, with the purpose of monitoring access to the Wakhan Corridor (Wakhan Corridor is a narrow strip of territory in Afghanistan).

THE CHINESE HUNGER GROWS

This past month, official outlets of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) repeatedly republished an article by Chinese historian Cho Yao Lu, who says that the entire Pamir region belonged to PRC at one time and consequently, he implies,Tajikistan should now or in the future return it to Beijing.

DETAILS

Dushanbe has demanded that Beijing renounce this article and stop publishing others like it, and Russian outlets have sharply criticized what they suggest is an effort by the Chinese to test the waters regarding potential future border changes (Stanradar.com, July 27; Ozodi.org, July 20; Lenta, July 24; Rossaprimavera.ru, July 25).

Why China wants Tajikistan land
Why China wants Tajikistan land

A BIT OF HISTORY

The Tajikistan Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) was among the last republics of the Soviet Union to declare its independence. On September 9 ( I 991), following the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Tajikistan declared its independence.

Why China wants Tajikistan land Why China wants Tajikistan land