The Tissue Chips are technical devices designed to mimic the functions of human organs. They are also called the Organ on chips.
NASA recently launched Crew 2 Mission with SpaceX. The Crew 2 mission carried 4 astronauts to the Space Station (ISS).
These astronauts are to conduct more than 200 experiments in space. One of them is using Tissue Chips.
The astronauts will use the Tissue chips and find out how bodily systems respond to spaceflight. The following are the experiments to be conducted by the astronauts using the tissue chips:
- The kidney stones happen to form in micro gravity conditions very quickly. One tissue chip investigation will look into the reasons behind this.
- The other tissue chip investigation will look at how immune system of the body respond to microgravity conditions. This investigation on Human Immune System has been named CHIME.
Chime stands for Characterizing Human Immunodeficiency in Microgravity Environments Microgravity. This project is sponsored by the United Arab Emirates. The project will look into how microgravity affects the differentiation of monocytes into macrophages. Macrophages are cells involved in detection and destruction of bacteria. Monocytes are White Blood Cells.
The Several changes that occur in human body during spaceflight progresses aging. Also, diseases in the planet earth occur much more quickly in microgravity conditions. The astronauts will conduct experiments using the tissue chips to find out the reasons behind these things.
Crew 2 Mission
The Crew 2 Mission was launched under the NASA’s Commercial Crew Programme. It aims to transport cargo and crew to and from the Space Station (ISS).
What are Tissue Chips for human organs