The Current 46th President of the United States of America Joe Biden recently proposed to extend New START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) Treaty for more 5 years. Russia has welcomed the Biden proposal. USA to extend New START Treaty
New START Treaty
- It was signed between the USA and Russia in 2010 under Obama Administration, in Prague (capital of Czech Republic). The Treaty comes into force in 2011.
- The formal name of the New START Treaty is “Measures for the further reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms”.
- It was signed to reduce nuclear arms production and utilisation by USA and Russia.
- Under this treaty, both countries will reduce their strategic nuclear missile launchers by half.
- It established an inspection and verification regime replacing SORT.
- The Treaty reduced the number deployable strategic nuclear warheads to 1550. This was 10 per cent lower than the strategic warhead limit set by Moscow treaty signed by the countries in the year 2002.
- The Treaty reduced the number of submarine-launched ballistic missiles, inter-continental ballistic missile launchers, heavy bombers equipped for nuclear armaments to 800.
- New START Treaty reduced the number of heavy bombers equipped nuclear armaments to 700.
- It replaced Treaty of Moscow, also known as SORT (Strategic Offensive Reduction Treaty). The term Strategic offensive arms means nuclear warheads deployed by Strategic Nuclear Delivery Vehicles.
- It is the successor of START I framework signed between USA and Russia in the year 1991 that limited the warheads of the countries to 6000 and strategic delivery vehicles to 1600. The START II treaty never entered into force and the negotiations of START III treaty never concluded.
- The New START Treaty is to lapse in February 2021.
The Time Line set by New START Treaty
The above obligations of reducing the nuclear warheads were to be achieved within a time frame of 7 years from the date, the New START Treaty entered into operation. The treaty will last for 10 years. Both countries may renew it till 5 years upon agreement by both the parties.
Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)
The INF Treaty was signed between USA and Russia under President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev during the cold war. It was signed in the year 1987. Under this treaty, both countries agreed to eliminate their stocks of short range and intermediate range missiles. USA withdrew from the treaty in the year 2019.
USA to extend New START Treaty