The Central Bureau of the United States of America formally announced that the population of the USA has increased by 7.4 per cent since the Great Depression. This is the second slowest growth of the Population.

Backdrop

Recently Census Bureau released the first set of data on USA population. The complete demographic data of the country is expected to be released by August 2021. Based on this, the $1.5 trillion federal funds will be distributed to the local communities across the nation.

Report

  • The US population increased to 331,449,281 in the year 2020. This is 7.4 per cent increase and the second slowest in the history of the country.
  • The allocation of seats to the US Congress is based on the census.
  • The recently released data shows that migration in the USA has been increasing lately. For instance, New York and California have lost a Congressional seat each. So did Pennsylvania and New York.
  • On the flip side, Montana, Florida and North Carolina have seen enough growth to add a congressional seat.
  • Texas received two additional seats. Colorado and Oregon gained new seats.
  • The 2010 census showed the population of the USA is shifting towards the South and the west.

How are the seats allocated in the US Congress?

The Congress (Parliament of USA) has two chambers. One is the House of Representatives (Lower House) and the Senate (Upper House). There are 50 states in the USA. Each state elects two senators for a period of 6-years. The USA is divided into 435 congressional districts. A region is made district when it reaches a population of 750,000 and will receive a representative.

Each district elects a representative to the House of Representatives for a period of 2-years. When the threshold population decreases then the district will lose its representation at the House of Representation. For instance, in the recent USA Census 2020, New York lost a house seat as it had 89 people short to the threshold of 750,000.

Women in US Congress

In the 2021, around 142 women are to hold seats in the USA Congress. This is 26.5 per cent of 535 members. Around 24 per cent women serve at the US Senate and 27.1 per cent serve in the US House of Representatives.

USA Census

The first US Census was held in the year 1790.

System in India

  • In India, each state is allotted with a particular number of seats in the Lok Sabha (lower House of the Indian Parliament) in such a way that the ratio between the Number of representatives from the state and its overall population is uniform throughout the country.
  • Each state is divided into constituencies based on the fact that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats is uniform throughout the state.

US Population increases by 7.4% US Population increases by 7.4%