New President of the United States of America, Joe Biden, formally announced that US re-joined the Paris climate accord on 19th February 2020. USA has joined the deal again after 107 days it left.

Points To Note

  • With the rejoining of USA, the world leaders expects that now the country will prove its seriousness as it was mostly absent for 4 years.
  • The countries are also waiting for the announcement from Washington D.C. on the USA’s goal to cut emissions of heat-trapping gases by the year 2030.
  • President Biden had signed the executive order to reversed the withdrawal ordered by former President Trump.

Backdrop

By 2019, Trump administration had announced its withdrawal from the 2015 Paris accord. This order came into effect on 4th November 2020. the day after the election, because of provisions in the agreement.

2015 Paris Climate Agreement

The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and it was signed in the year 2016 and deals with the climate change mitigation, adaptation, and finance. The Paris Climate Agreement was negotiated by the representatives of 196 countries. It was signed at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC in France. The Paris Climate Agreement was later adopted by consensus by December 2015. Currently, 190 members countries of the UNFCCC are parties under the agreement. Countries like Iran, Iraq and Turkey are not parties to it.

Goals under 2015 Paris Agreement

Under this environment Agreement, there is a long-term goal of keeping the average temperature to well below 2 °C above the pre-industrial levels. It also seeks to put efforts in order to limit the increase to 1.5 °C. This will help in reducing the risks and impacts of climate change. The Paris Agreement further aims to increase the ability of parties so as to adapt with the adverse impacts of climate change. It also seeks to make the flow of finance towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development.

US formally re-joined the Paris Climate Deal US formally re-joined the Paris Climate Deal