Joe Biden, current President of the United States of America, in his first address to the annual Munich Security Conference declared that the ‘transatlantic alliance is back’ and stressed the need to defend democracy across the world.

  • Joe Biden intended to improve the strained relationship between the United States of America and other European allies.
  • The Munich Security Conference is an annual conference on international security policy that has taken place in Munich, Bavaria (Germany) since the 1963.

About

  • The US Transatlantic Alliance has been the cornerstone of the post-World War II world order.
    • It is a real-world expression of West of a sense that both sides of Atlantic are in it together.
    • Transatlantic Alliance is the foundation on which the collective security and shared prosperity of the United States and Europe are built.
      • However, this historic, long-established friendship between the world’s two largest economies has become strained in recent years.
    • The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
      • Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership is an ambitious, comprehensive, and high-standard trade and investment agreement being negotiated between the USA and European Union.
        • TTIP negotiations were launched in the year 2013 and ended without conclusion at the end of the 2016.
      • Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership will be a cutting edge agreement aimed at providing greater compatibility and transparency in trade and investment regulation, while maintaining high levels of health, safety, and environmental protection.
  • Reason for Strained Relations
    • Trump administration flaunted its foreign policy through an “America First” lens.
    • The former president Trump not only attacked the NATO – the fundamental structure of transatlantic alliance but also withdrew from virtually all multinational agreements recently championed by European Union, such as the Iran nuclear deal and 2016 Paris climate agreement.
    • The United States of America and European Union appear to be at odds with each other currently regarding their China interests, particularly on the economic and trade front.
  • Significance of the Current Declaration
    • A boost to the multilateralism.
    • The Concerned with maintaining its global strategic primacy, the United States was once equivocal about European defence and strategic autonomy. But as power has shifted eastward, subsequent US governments have been keen to devote as much attention, money, and military muscle as possible to the Indo-Pacific.
    • The Alliance can lead to development of an United States of America and European Union carbon border adjustment mechanism, and can help in averting most catastrophic impacts of climate change.
    • On Iran, Europeans can anticipate renewed negotiations on a revamped nuclear deal aimed at de-escalating tensions across the region.
    • Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke about the need of a transatlantic policy towards Russia.

NATO

  • NATO was established by North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of 4th April, 1949, by the USA, Canada, and several Western European countries to provide collective security against the Soviet Union (USSR).
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization provides a unique transatlantic link for political and security cooperation. It’s Headquarter located in Brussels, Belgium.
  • Functioning
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization is a political and military alliance whose primary goals are the collective defence of its members and the maintenance of a democratic peace in the North Atlantic area.
    • It has an integrated military command structure but very few forces or assets are exclusively its own.
      • Most forces remain under full national command and control until member countries agree to undertake NATO-related tasks.
      • All 30 allies have an equal say, the Alliance’s decisions must be unanimous and consensual, and its members must respect the basic values that underpin the Alliance, namely democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law.
  • Members of NATO: As of 2020, there are 30 member countries, with North Macedonia (2020) becoming the latest member to join the NATO.

US Declares Transatlantic Alliance Back US Declares Transatlantic Alliance Back