On 12th March 2021, The UN Security Council have asked the Somalian government to organise elections nationwide without further delay. This was asked by the UN Security Council in a resolution which has stressed about the pressing threat of security in Somalia because of al-Shabab and armed opposition groups.

The UN Security Council resolution which was adopted has authorized the African Union to maintain around 20,000 strong force in Somalia until the end of year 2020. This was done in a bid to reduce the threat from extremist groups and enable a federal, sovereign, united and stable Somalia. The UNSC resolution was passed with the objective of transferring the security to Somali authorities so that the country lead in the year 2021 and achieve full responsibility by 2023. The resolution also stressed upon the importance of capacity building among the Somali forces and institutions and authorize AU force.

Backdrop

The resolution was adopted amid the growing pressure on the Federal Republic of Somalian President, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, after the scheduled elections in the month of February, 2021 could not take place. The election failed to take place as there was no agreement on how the vote will be carried out. The critics also accused Mohamed of delaying the election because he is seeking a second 4-year term.

Somalia

the Federal Republic of Somalia is a country in Horn of Africa and share border with Ethiopia in the west, Djibouti in the Northwest, Gulf of Aden in the north, Indian Ocean in the east, and Kenya in the southwest. Republic of Somalia has the longest coastline on the mainland Africa. Somalia has the estimated population of 15 million and is the most culturally homogeneous country in Africa. 85 per cent of the residents are ethnic Somalis. Official languages of Somalia include Somali and Arabic.

United Nations asks Somalia to Organize Elections United Nations asks Somalia to Organize Elections