Highlights

UN: United Nations warned that 9 million (90 lakh) people risk displacement from the escalating conflict that has triggered in Tigray region (northernmost of the 9 regions of Ethiopia).

  • UN highlighted that that Ethiopian govt’s declaration of a state of emergency is blocking the food and other aid in the region.
  • The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) in a report stated that the clashes between federal troops and Tigrayan forces had broken out at the 8 locations in the Tigray region. Coordination of Humanitarian Affair’s report further says that the clashes have disrupted food supply for the 6 lakh (600k) people in Tigray and other support to  another 1 million (10 lakh) people.

What was the issue?

Ethiopia’s Tigray region faces the issue of Tigray military intervention. Tigray military intervention is an ongoing military raid and it began in the starting of November 2020. The civil conflict between the federal government and the regional authorities laid down the foundation of this ongoing war.

Why this war began?

  • After the end of Ethiopian Civil War (September 1974 to June 1991), Ethiopia became a dominant-party state.
  • The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front was then the ruling Political party of the state.
  • The Political party was the coalition of ethnic-based parties whose founding member was the Tigray People’s Liberation Front.
  • Tigray People’s Liberation Front used to be part of Ethiopia’s governing coalition until its 2019.
  • Later, the Tensions between the ruling govt and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front escalated in the aftermath of  PM Abiy Ahmed Ali accused the Tigray regional authorities of undermining his authority.
  • In September year 2020, Tigray authorities saw the refusal to recognise the Tigray parliament 2020 election.
  • The day prior to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front alleged attack on a military camp, the federal parliament of Ethiopia suggested to designate the TPLF as a terrorist organization.
  • In the line, the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) launched a military operation against TPLF on 4 Nov 2020.

Tigray Region

Tigray is the northernmost of the 9 regions of landlocked country Ethiopia. Tigray region is the homeland of Irob, Tigrayan and Kunama peoples and also known as Region 1 as per the  federal constitution. Mekelle is the largest city and capital of Tigray. It is the fifth largest by area, fifth most populous, and fifth most densely populated region of the nine Regional States in the country. Tigray shared border with Eritrea, Sudan, the Amhara Region and the Afar Region.

Ethiopia

It is located in the Horn of Africa. East Africa country Ethiopia is a rugged, landlocked split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million (30 lakh) years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church. Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia shares borders with Eritrea to the north side, Djibouti to the northeast side, Somalia to the eastern side, Kenya to the southern side, South Sudan to the western side and Sudan to the northwest side. 9 million people risk displacement from conflict in Ethiopia