The Union Cabinet of India, Chaired by Prime Minister Modi, has approved the amendments to the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act of 2015 on 17th February 2021.
Prime Minister of India is the ex-officio chairman of the union cabinet.
Points To Note
- The 2021 amendment proposes that, the District Magistrate, ADMs will monitor the functioning of agencies which are implementing this act in each district.
- Under this amendment, the Child Protection Unit of districts will function under the District Magistrate.
- Now, the District Magistrate can independently evaluate Child Welfare Committee, and the Specialised Juvenile Police Unit.
- District Magistrate can check the capacity and background of the Child Care Institute, following which they will be recommended for registration.
- The 2021 amendments authorise the District Magistrate along with Additional District Magistrate to issue the adoption orders in accordance with Section 61 of the Juvenile justice act 2015.
- The amendments will now ensure the speedy disposal of cases and also enhance the accountability.
- It also empower the District Magistrates to ensure its smooth implementation and garner the synergized efforts to support the children in distress conditions.
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2015
This act was passed by Parliament by replacing the Indian juvenile delinquency law called the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000. It act allows the juveniles, aged 16 to 18 who are in conflict with Law and are involved in Heinous Offences, to be tried as adults. The act also seeks to create a universally accessible adoption law in the country. It came into force in the year 2016. In order to smoothen the procedures for orphan, abandoned and surrendered children the Central Adoption Resource Authority was given the status of statutory body.
About Central Adoption Resource Authority
The Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is an autonomous and statutory body established in 1990 and run by Ministry of Women and Child Development. Itis the nodal body of the adoption of Indian children. CARA also monitors and regulate the in-country and inter-country adoptions.