The United Nations Environment Programme and Food & Agriculture Organisation launched the ‘UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration’ report for 10 years 2021-2030 and called on nations to meet commitments of restoring 1 billion hectares of land.
- According to the report, world is facing triple threat of climate change, loss of nature and pollution. So, world must deliver on its commitment to restore at least one billion degraded hectares of land (equal to size of China) in coming 10 years.
- It also highlights that countries also need to meet similar commitments for oceans.
- Humanity is using 1.6 times the number of services that nature can provide sustainably.
- Thus, conservation efforts alone are insufficient to prevent ecosystem collapse and biodiversity loss on larger scale.
- Communities living around 2 billion of degraded hectares and include world’s poorest and marginalized people.
Global terrestrial restoration costs
The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration report estimates Global terrestrial restoration costs, excluding the cost of restoring marine ecosystems, to be $200 billion per year by 2030. Every $1 invested in restoration can create up to $30 in economic benefits.
Which ecosystems require urgent restoration?
The Ecosystems like forests, farmlands, forests, grasslands, savannahs, urban areas, mountains, peatlands, freshwaters, and oceans requires urgent restoration.
United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration
The Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030 has called for protection and revival of ecosystems across the world. It aims to stop degradation of ecosystems and restore them to achieve global goals.