On 17th February 2020, United Nations Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, has asked the G20 countries to prepare a “Global Covid-19 Vaccination Plan”.

Points To Note

  • The United Nations asked do so while it condemned the wildly uneven and unfair distribution of coronavirus vaccines across the world.
  • Secretary-General stated that, the ten wealthier countries have administered 75% of global vaccinations around the world.
  • Antonio Guterres emphasized that, this is a critical moment, thus, the coronavirus vaccine equity is the biggest moral test for the global community.
  • Secretary-General stated that, 130 poorer countries have not received even a single dose of the coronavirus vaccine.
  • Thus, Antonio emphasized the need of the global cooperation in order to make the equitable distribution and access of the Covid-19 vaccine possible.
  • Antonio Guterre called for an immediate Global Covid-19 Vaccination Plan including the world leaders, scientists and the vaccine manufacturers.
  • This plan would also include those that can fund the effort for citizens of poor countries in order to combat global health crisis.
  • Antonio also announced to set up an ‘Emergency Task Force’ (ETF) and said, that it must be ensured that everybody, everywhere, can be vaccinated.
  • Antonio further stated that under the WHO’s COVAX facility, the low-income countries and middle-income countries can procure vaccines. But there is a need to fully fund this initiative.

COVAX Scheme by WHO

Amid the COVID-19 infections crossing 100 million (10 crore) cases, the COVAX scheme by WHO has signed the deal with Pfizer-BioNTech for 40 million (4 crore) doses of the vaccine for the poor countries. WHO chief, Tedros Adhanom, also stated that 150 million (15 crore) doses of AstraZeneca’s vaccine will be delivered under COVAX in the first quarter of 2021 after getting clearance from World Health Organisation. However, under the COVAX initiative, the vaccinations will begin delivering if the United Nations health agency can make a supply agreement for the COVID-19 vaccines made by Pfizer-BioNTech and emergency use listing of the AstraZeneca-Oxford COVID-19 vaccine candidate with this pace, this COVAX initiative would deliver at least 2 billion (200 crore) doses by the end of the 2021.

Group of Twenty (G20)

Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, the People’s Republic of China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, UK, USA and the European Union.

G20 countries to prepare Global Covid-19 Vaccination Plan