The Government of the United Kingdom has formally announce the regulation for the use of self-driving vehicles at low speeds. UK become the first country with this initiative.

Backdrop

The United Kingdom wants to be at the forefront in rolling out autonomous driving technology. United Kingdom Govt forecasts that around 40 per cent of UK cars will have self-driving capabilities by 2035. This will create 38,000 jobs in the country.

Plan

UK Government has been working on the highway code for the use of self-driving vehicles. The Ministry of Transport is to begin with Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS).

Regulations

  • The speed limit of the Automated Lane Keeping Systems is to be set at 37 miles per hour.
  • The ALKS shall drive itself in a single lane.

Backdrop

According to the United Kingdom Govt, this technology will help reduce accidents caused due to human errors. 85 per cent of accidents in the country are caused due to human errors.

How do Self Driving Vehicles work?

  • A self-driving vehicle is fully autonomous. No driver is required for the safe operation of the vehicle. Self-driving technologies have been developed by Google, Uber, Nissan, Tesla.
  • Most of the self-driving systems maintain an internal map. They use lasers, sensors and radars to map their surroundings. Based on the map created, instructions are delivered to the actuators of the vehicle.

Levels of Driving

  • Level 0: All the major systems are controlled by humans
  • Level 1: It includes automatic braking or cruise control
  • Level 2: The cars offer at least two simultaneous automated functions such as steering and acceleration
  • Level 3: The car is capable of managing all critical safety functions. However, the driver is expected to take over when alerted.
  • Level 4: Almost autonomous. However, not completely
  • Level 5: Completely capable of self-driving in every situation

UK Govt to allow Driverless cars on roads UK Govt to allow Driverless cars on roads