Highlights

UAE: United Arab Emirates is all set to become the first Arab Gulf country, and probably the last, to generate electricity from coal.

Points To Note

  • The Emirates is doing so, because the UAE government is increasingly turning to cleaner fuels. Because of this, the price of renewable energy is falling.
  • Dubai is starting up the $3.4 billion Hassyan coal plant to produce the electricity from coal.

Hassyan coal plant

  • Hassyan clean coal power plant with capacity being increased to 2,400 by 2023 MW from an initial 600 megawatts.
  • UAE would get coal for the plant from Japan’s Jera Co.
  • Japan would supply coal to Dubai under a long-term agreement with Acwa Power of Saudi Arabia. Acwa Power of Saudi Arabia is developing the Hassyan coal plant in Dubai.

Why coal plant is being set up in UAE?

The Coal is considered as the dirtiest fuel for power generation. Despite this fact, UAE is constructing up the coal based power plant. The reason for this is,  Hassyan’s standards for pollution will be based on the guidelines for natural-gas plants. If it comply with it, that would mean that the Dubai’s Hassyan coal plant emits less carbon than the European Union and the International Finance Corporation for coal plants.

International Finance Corporation for coal plants is a member of the World Bank Group.

Current Scenario in other gulf countries

Other gulf countries have not rejected the plans to set up the coal power plant. In 2018, Middle East country Oman had launched a tender for a coal project at Duqm. However, it was later withdrawn.

How the demand of electricity is completed in gulf region?

Electricity stations in Dubai (Hassyan coal plant), the Middle East’s main business and financial hub in the region mostly run on gas.

Nuclear Energy in Emirates

As of March this year 2020, there was only single reactor operating in the country. UAE are plans to install 3 more nuclear reactors across the country.

Carbon Emissions by target Emirates

The Emirates is the 6h largest carbon dioxide (CO2) emitter in the world. It has set a target of generating half of its electricity from solar and nuclear sources by 2050.

UAE to Generate Electricity from Coal