Under the Government of India Initiative, TB Mukt Bharat by 2025, Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan inaugurated the “Tribal TB Initiative” on 26th March 2021. Harsh Vardhan also published a guidance note on Joint Action Plan for the elimination of Tuberculosis, a Special Edition of Tribal Ministry’s Publication ‘ALEKH’ on TB, and a document on Tribal Tuberculosis Initiative.

Points To Note

  1. Almost 104 million (10 crore) tribal population lives, across 705 tribes, accounting for 8.6 per cent of the country’s population.
  2. The poor living standards like physical remoteness, malnutrition, and lack of hygiene lead to the tribal population getting vulnerable to Tuberculosis. The 177 tribal districts were identified as High-priority districts that are vulnerable.
  3. The Joint Action Plan will primarily focus on 161 districts initially across 18 states which will include deploying improved vulnerability mapping techniques and organization of sensitization and capacity-building workshops for volunteers.
  4. There would also be periodic Tuberculosis active case finding drives and provision of TB Preventive Therapy to the identified vulnerable population and develop long-term mechanisms for vulnerability reduction.
  5. Linkage of the NIKSHAY Portal of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Swasthya Portal of the M/o Tribal Affairs will boost data compilation on Tuberculosis and pave way for efficient and convergent actions.
  6. UT Lakshadweep and the district of Badgam in Jammu & Kashmir have been declared TB Free on World TB Day 2021.
  7. On State TB Index, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh were the top three best-performing states for tuberculosis control under the category of states with a 50 lakh population.
  8. Tripura and Nagaland were best-performing in the category of states having less than 50 lakh population.
  9. Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu were selected as the best performing UTs.

Tribal TB Initiative and Tribal Population in India Tribal TB Initiative and Tribal Population in India