The last Sunday of 31st January is celebrated as the World Leprosy Day every year. The day is observed around the world.

Points To Note

  • The World Leprosy Day is celebrated to raise knowledge about the leprosy.
  • The day also seeks to propagate the need and importance of eradicating the disease.
  • As per the WHO, the goal of the observance of the day in 2021 is to beat leprosy by spreading more information regarding the disease.
  • The World Leprosy Day will be celebrated to spread the knowledge that the disease is curable.

Leprosy cases around the world

According to the report, there were 2,08,619 new leprosy cases globally registered in 2018. This figure has come from 159 countries.

Leprosy day in India

  • In India, the National Leprosy Day is being observed on 30th January in 2021.
  • 30th January is selected as a remembrance of the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

What is the leprosy?

  • It is also known as Hansen’s disease.
  • Leprosy is an infectious disease which is caused by a bacillus Mycobacterium leprae.
  • The disease has been named after Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen who was a Norwegian physician.
  • Hansen proved that leprosy is not a hereditary disease but is caused by a bacterium.
  • The disease is a curable disease and treatment at the early stage can prevent any disability.
  • It can cause a progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes if it is left untreated.
  • The incubation period of the disease is five years usually. Symptoms of the disease can be seen within 1 year but it could also take 20 years (2 decades) or even more years to occur.

How it spreads?

The disease spreads through the droplets either from the nose or mouth when the affected person sneezes or coughs.

World Leprosy Day 2021 World Leprosy Day 2021