ETHIOPIA
A landlocked country in the Horn of Africa.
Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world and the second-most populous nation on the African continent.
Population — I I crore

Sudan-Ethiopia Border Tensions
WATER :- A MAJOR ISSUE

The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP), a global database for all things water- access, sanitation, and hygiene (Wash) related and the leading source on WASH data, reports that tens of millions of people in the Ethiopia are still relying on polluted drinking water.

Sudan Ethiopia Border Tensions

SUDAN

Africa’s 3rd-largest country and also the 3rd-largest in the Arab world. It was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world by area before the 2011 South Sudan’s secession.
Population — 4.20 crore
Religion plays an important role in Sudan, with 97% of the country’s population adhering to Islam.

THE BIGGER ISSUE

Sudan and Ethiopia share a common I boundary that stretches over 1,600 kms (994 miles).The border was drawn following a series of treaties between Ethiopia and the colonial powers L of Britain and Italy. However, To Date, this boundary lacks clear Demarcation lines.

SUDAN’S ABOUT-TURN IN ETHIOPIA’S MEGA DAM PROJECT

The border dispute could complicate Ethiopia’s plan to construct the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).
Sudan had initially backed Ethiopia’s project but later refused to sign on an initial agreement which would have paved the way for Ethiopia to begin filling the dam.

Sudan Ethiopia Border Tensions