Following the dispute of Sudan, Ethiopis and Egypt, the Ethiopia’s Water Minister has stated that a consensus had been reached between the three countries(Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt) over the US $ 4.5 billion worth Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and the dam will not be filled unilaterally by Ethiopia. 3 countries have been involved in continuous negotiations over the years to reach an agreement.

The last couple of months, there were serious clashes and unparalleled escalations reported for the border between Ethiopia and Sudan. Now with the tripartite agreement likely to be signed in future, regional stability at the Horn of Africa might improve significantly in upcoming years.


Ethiopia started construction in 2011 for the dam on the Blue Nile, Egypt immediately protested. The Blue Nile which originated from Lake Tana in Ethiopia flows downstream through Sudan to Egypt. Egypt is dependent on the Nile River for freshwater guessed that the dam might block its annual share of water resources of 55.5 billion cubic meters.

About Nile River

The Nile River is the longest river in the African continent. There are 2 major tributaries of the river- the White Nile and the Blue Nile. These 2 tributaries of the Nile River meet near the capital of Sudan, Khartoum. The White Nile and the Blue Nile enter Sudan from South Sudan and Ethiopia respectively before converging to the north of Khartoum. From Khartoum, the river flows downstream to enter Egypt.

The GERD is being built about 15 km (9 miles) from the border with Sudan on the Blue Nile, the source of most of the Nile’s waters.

Ethiopia’s statement said the AU and not the U.N. Security Council will assist in the talks and bestow Technical support.

Sudan Ethiopia and Egypt End Dispute in weeks Sudan Ethiopia and Egypt End Dispute in weeks