The Netherlands Medical scientists have accidently discovered a new organ in the human throat during a research on prostate cancer. The Netherlands Cancer Institute scientists discovered a set of salivary glands in the upper part of the throat. They have named the organ Tubarial salivary glands.
The newly discovered salivary glands is about 1.5 inches in length and is located over a piece of cartilage called torus tubarius. According to the Netherlands Cancer Institute scientist the main function of the organ is to lubricate and moisten the upper throat. It is located right behind the nose and mouth.
Organs have been named as Tubarial glands in reference to their anatomical location. The characteristics of the Tubarial gland is similar to that of the salivary glands (produce saliva).
New throat Discovery
Tubarial glands was discovered when the scientist were studying about Cancer cells using PSMA PET-CT Technology. The Tubarial gland was found in more than hundred of cancer patients.
Usually in Radiation therapy doctors treating cancer in neck and head avoid the main salivary glands because damaging them could make it difficult for the patients to eat speak or swallow. However, in this new Organ Discovery, find is found that these glands are getting hit by radiation as the oncologist were not aware of their existence in the human body.
The Tubarial glands cannot be seen through conventional methods of medical imaging such as CT scans, ultrasound or Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
It was now discovered through Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Imaging (PSMAI) using positron emission tomography (PET).
Salivary gland system in Human body is divided into major glands and minor glands. The major salivary glands are parotid gland, submandibular gland and sublingual glands. The minor salivary glands are distributed in groups of hundreds. Some minor salivary glands are Buccal gland and Labial gland, Glossopalatine gland, Lingual gland and Palatine gland. They are located in the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa.
These glands help in producing saliva required for swallowing, mastication, digestion, dental hygiene and tasting.
Scientists Discover New organ in Human throat Scientists Discover New organ in Human throat