Russian space agency Roscosmos is set to launch Luna 25 Moon mission by October 2021. The Roscosmos is responsible for space flights, aerospace research and cosmonautics programmes.
Luna 25 Moon mission
- Russian Moon mission will carry a lander. The primary objective of Luna 25 is to prove landing technology.
- Luna 25 is to carry 30 Kg of scientific instruments including a robotic arm and drilling hardware to collect soil samples.
- It will study the exosphere around the south pole of the moon. Till date no spacecraft has been to this region of the moon. Several countries look at the site as future moon bases.
Payloads of the Lander
Luna 25 lander will carry the following National Science instruments:
- ADRON-LR is an active gamma ray and neutron analysis instrument to study the regolith. Regolith is the unconsolidated rocky material that covers bedrock.
- ARIES-L will measure plasma in the exosphere.
- LASMA-LR is a mass spectrometer
- PmL measures micro-meteorites and dust
- LIS-TV-RPM is an infrared spectrometry of imaging and minerals
- STS-L is local imaging and panoramic instrument
- BUNI is science data and power support instrument
- Moon libration, LASER retroreflector and ranging experiments
European Space Agency role in Luna 25 Mission
The ESA has been developing a package called PROSPECT for Luna 25 Moon Mission. It is to be used for lunar drilling and sample analysis. PROSPECT is Package for Resource Observation and in-Situ Prospecting for Exploration.
Earlier Luna missions
The last of the Luna series was Luna 24 that was launched in the year 1976. It was the 3rd USSR mission to retrieve lunar surface samples. The first Luna mission was launched in the year 1970.
It was a proposed orbiter of Luna 25 mission. It was to be developed through a merger between JAXA (Japanese Space Agency) and Roscosmos. However, the merger was aborted.
Russia to launch Luna 25 Moon mission Russia to launch Luna 25 Moon mission