After the United States of America, on 18th March 2021, Russian Federation hosted the “Afghan Peace Meet” with Taliban. The bilateral meeting was organised to bring together the Russian government representatives and Taliban adversaries. The meeting was also attended by the international observers in order to help Afghanistan to start its stalled peace process.

The Afghan Peace meeting was held for single day. It was the first meeting among the 3-planned international conferences. Three meeting have been planned ahead of the deadline of 1st of May 2021 for the final withdrawal of USA and NATO troops from Afghanistan. This date for the withdrawal of the troops from Afghanistan was fixed in an agreement between USA and Taliban that was signed in 2019 under the Trump Administration.

Russia’s Mediation

Russian federation is mediating the Afghanistan Peace Process because the talks in Doha between Afghan government and Taliban got stalled. The United States of America and Afghanistan have been asking for the ceasefire on the other side, Taliban seeks to negotiate it under the peace talks with Afghan government.

About Afghan Peace Process

Afghan peace process comprises of the proposals and negotiations with the objective of ending the ongoing war in Afghanistan. The efforts to bring peace have taken place since the war started in the year 2001. But these negotiations and peace movement intensified in 2018 amid the talks between Taliban and the USA. Taliban is the main insurgent group which is fighting against the Afghan government and the American troops. Apart from the USA the peace process is also facilitated by the regional powers like India, China and Russia and North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Two peace treaties have been signed as a part of peace process. The first treaty was signed in September 2016 between Afghanistan government and Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin militant group while the second peace treaty was signed on 29th February 2020 between the USA and Taliban. The 2020 treaty had called for the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan within 14 months if Taliban follows the terms of agreement. But after this agreement, there was a surge in insurgent attacks against the security forces of Afghanistan. In November 2020, the number of civilian casualties was the highest of all.

Russia hosts Afghan Peace Meet After US Russia hosts Afghan Peace Meet After US