A Two Friendly and neighbouring countries China and Russia have formally agreed to build a International Lunar Research Station, possibly on the moon’s surface, marking the start of a new era in space cooperation between the countries.

  • Russian Federation is a part of International Space Station (ISS) which is a habitable artificial satellite – the single largest man-made structure in low earth orbit.

International Lunar Research Station

  • The International Lunar Research Station is a comprehensive scientific experiment base with the capability of long-term autonomous operation.
    • The Lunar Research Station would be built on the lunar surface and/or on the lunar orbit that would carry out scientific research activities such as the lunar exploration and utilization, lunar-based observation, basic scientific experiment and technical verification.
  • Principle
    • Both countries will adhere to the principle of co-consultation, joint construction, and shared benefits.
    • They will facilitate extensive cooperation in the International Lunar Research Station, open to all interested countries and international partners.
  • Significance
    • The International Lunar Research Station will strengthen scientific research exchanges, and promote humanity’s exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes.
  • Other Programmes Related to Moon
    • Artemis: Earlier, in the 2020, NASA published the outline for its Artemis program, which plans to send the next man and first woman to the lunar surface by 2024.
      • The Gateway is an outpost around the Moon to support human and scientific exploration in deep space.
    • UAE’s Rashid
      • The United Arab Emirates has decided to send an unmanned spacecraft named Rashid to the moon by the year 2024.
    • Chang’e-4 and Chang’e-5 Missions
      • China’s Chang’e-4 is the first probe ever to explore the far side of the moon by China.
      • China’s Chang’e-5 mission will seek to collect lunar material to help scientists understand more about the moon’s origins and formation.
  • India’s Similar Initiatives
    • Chandrayaan-3
      • India is working on Chandrayaan-3 which is successor to the Chandrayaan-2 mission and it will likely attempt another soft-landing on the lunar surface.
    • Indian Space Station
      • India has set its eye on building its own space station in low earth orbit to conduct microgravity experiments in space in 5 to 7 years.

Russia-China International Lunar Research Station Russia-China International Lunar Research Station