Highlights

The Central Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change released the report on “Status of Leopard in India, 2018” .

Points To Note

  • In 2014, India has 12852 leopards as compared to 7910 leopards. The leopard population in India has increased by 60 per cent.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka has recorded highest leopard estimates.
  • Around 3387 leopards were found in the Western Ghats region. Around 3387 leopards were found in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Kerala regions. In the Gangetic plain and Shivalik, more than 1253 leopards were found.
  • The census was also a part of the India’s tiger survey. According to the Tiger Survey, India has 12852 leopards in the tiger ranges. The tiger survey of India entered into Guinness World Record for its world largest camera trap survey of wildlife.
  • The leopards are currently found in forested habitats in tiger range areas of India. Apart from these regions, leopards are also found in arid landscapes, higher elevations of Himalayas and majority of the North East landscapes.

India’s Conservation Status of Leopards

The Leopards are listed as “Vulnerable” in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Under CITES they are listed under Appendix I. They are protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.

Leopard Habitats

They are usually found in widely distributed and adaptable habitats. The Indian Subspecies Panthera pardus fusca is absent only in arid deserts and above timber line in the Himalayas. They are found in every type of habitat from rain forests to desert. They are also found in temperate regions.

The current Leopard estimation is limited to 2600 metres altitude. They are distributed from Trans-Himalayas to Gangetic plains. In the desert regions of India, they are found in Mukundara, Ranthambore and Sariska.

Status of Leopard in India 2018