Highlights

Rajnath Singh Defence Minister of India addressed Upper House (Rajya Sabha). MR. Singh gave a complete statement on India China issue and answered several questions raised on the current border situation.

The Rajnath Singh noted that the Chinese actions expressed disrespect to all the previous bilateral agreements. The amassing of troops by People’s Republic of China along the LAC violates agreements signed in 1993 and 1996.

Key points of the statement

  • The China are continuing their illegal occupation of around 38,000 square KM in the UT of Ladakh.
  • The China are also claiming approximately 90,000 square KM of Northeastern state Indian territory Arunachal Pradesh.
  • According to the Rajnath Singh, Pakistan has illegally ceded 5,180 square KM of Indian territory in Pakistan occupied Kashmir to People’s Republic of China. The territory was ceded under the so-called Sino-Pakistan boundary agreement that was signed in 1963.
  • While the Indian forces abide by 1993 and 1996 agreements, the same has not been reciprocated by the Chinese.
  • In the past PRC has undertaken several infrastructure construction activities in the border areas. In order to counter China’s actions India too have stepped up the budget of border infrastructure development, double the previous levels.
  • The ongoing 2020 India-China conflict is different from those in the past in terms of troops involved and also the number of friction points. India remains committed to peaceful resolution and is also prepared to deal with every possible contingency.

What and Why did India-China issue occur?

The Defence Minister Rajnath Singh made a detailed statement on what, how and why the current India-China issue occurred.  The details are as follows

  • In April 2020, India first noticed the build-up of Chinese Troops and armaments along the border areas of eastern Ladakh. In May 2020, the Chinese tried to stop Indian patrolling in the Galwan valley.
  • The PLA also made several attempts to infringe the LAC.  This was mainly in parts of Gogra, Kong La and Pangong Tso lake. The Indian Army detected these transgressions and provided a befitting response. This was the major reason behind the current faceoff between the India and China.

1993 Agreement

India and China agreement of 1993 states that when personnel from either side cross the LAC, they shall immediately pull back to their side of the line upon caution from the other side. China has not done this in Galwan Valley and in Pangong tso Lake.

1996 Agreement

  • Second agreement of 1996 between the India and China states that when both sides come face to face due to differences on alignment of LAC, they shall exercise self-restraint. They shall take all necessary steps to prevent an escalation of the situation. Also, both India and China shall enter into immediate consultations through available channels and prevent escalation of tension.
  • For the first time, the 1996 agreement made it clear that neither side shall open fire within 2 KM of the LAC.
  • The People’s Liberation Army are conducting summer exercises opposite to Ladakh that clearly violates the agreement and threatens India.

2013 Agreement

Third Agreement 2013 India and China border defence cooperation agreement is the latest document on LAC. According to the 2013 agreement both countries agreed not tell patrols. They also agreed to avoid folding large scale military exercises nearby the LAC.

All the above clauses of the agreements have been violated by People’s Republic of China. Defence Minister statement on India-China issue in Rajya Sabha Defence Minister statement on India-China issue in Rajya Sabha