Recently, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) published a The World in 2030: Public Survey Report. The report was published by the UNESCO based on the survey held between May 2020 and September 2020. The survey collected responses from more than 15,000 people across the world.
- According to this report, the Climate Change, Violence and Conflict, Loss of Biodiversity and discrimination and inequality, water and housing, lack of food are the 4 biggest challenges to peaceful societies of 2030.
- According to the participants, education is the only crucial solution to many difficulties to be faced in the year 2030. However, the North Americans (USA, Canada) believe in science and not in education.
- Apart from education, the only other solution is international cooperation.
- Violence and Conflict
- Discrimination and Inequality
- Disinformation and Freedom of Expression
- Climate Change and Loss of Biodiversity
- Lack of food, water and housing
- Health and Disease
- Lack of Decent work and opportunities
- Political Participation and Democratic Principles
- Artificial Intelligence and New Technologies
- Traditions and Culture at risk
The Climate change and biodiversity loss were the top concern in the Asia and Pacific region. The Asia Pacific respondents of the survey highlighted natural disaster risk, localised impacts and importance of culture as the other major challenges. The top solutions to address the concerns in Asia Pacific are as follows:
- The Effective Health education
- Sharing of research and scientific knowledge
- The Effective international cooperation
- To Ensuring a health relationship with nature
- To Ensuring access to reliable and accurate information
The top challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa, Arab states, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean was also Climate change and biodiversity.
- UNESCO was established in the year 1945.
- UNESCO headquartered in Paris, France.
- Some of the major initiatives of UNESCO are as follows:
- World Heritage List: UNESCO is responsible in providing the tag, “World Heritage Site” to a place. According to UNESCO, there are 1,121 World Heritage sites located in 167 countries.
- Man and the Biosphere Programme: The programme aims to establish biosphere reserves. There are currently 701 biosphere reserves located in 124 countries. India has 18 biosphere reserves. Of these eleven have been recognised by the Man and the Biosphere Programme.
Public Survey Report World in 2030