According to the reports, Pakistani Army is holding a month-long exercise Jidar-ul-Hadeed in the Thar Desert. The aim is to prepare for conflict in extreme desert environments.

  • multinational naval exercise hosted by Pakistan, Aman-2021, has also begun in the Arabian Sea. 45 countries, including the United States of America, Russia, China and Turkey, will be participating in the exercise.
  • The name, Thar is derived from thul, the general term for the region’s sand ridges.
  • Thar Desert is located partly in Rajasthan, northwestern region in India, and partly in Punjab and Sindh provinces, eastern Pakistan.


  • The Desert is an arid region that covers over 2 lakh sq km. It forms a natural boundary along the border between India and Pakistan.
    • The surface consists of aeolian (wind-deposited) sand that has accumulated over the past 1.8 million years.
    • The desert presents an undulating surface, with high and low sand dunes separated by sandy plains and low barren hills, or bhakars, which rise abruptly from the surrounding plains.
      • The dunes are in continual motion and take on varying shapes and sizes.
      • Barchan, also spelled Barkhan, crescent-shaped sand dune produced by the action of wind predominately from one direction. One of the commonest types of dunes, it occurs in sandy deserts all over the world.
  • Surrounding Areas
    • Thar Desert is bordered by the irrigated Indus River plain to the west, the Punjab Plain to the north and northeast, the Aravalli Range to the southeast, and the Rann of Kachchh to the south.
  • Climate
    • Subtropical desert climate there results from persistent high pressure and subsidence at that latitude.
      • The prevailing southwest monsoon winds that bring rain to much of the subcontinent in summer tend to bypass the Thar to the east.
  • Saline Lakes
    • Several playas, locally known as dhands, are scattered throughout the region.
  • Flora and Fauna
    • The region produces herbaceous plants like cactus, neem, khejri, acacia nilotica among others. All these plants can accommodate themselves to high or low temperatures and difficult climatic conditions.
    • The Thar Desert also houses the residents of the wild like the leopard, the Asiatic wild cat (Felis silvestris ornata), chousingha (Tetracerus quadricornis), chinkara (Gazella bennettii), Bengal desert fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Blackbuck (antelope) and several species of reptiles.

Pakistan Army conducts Jidar-ul-Hadeed exercises Pakistan Army conducts Jidar-ul-Hadeed exercises