The Chief Minister of the state of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik launched a 14 day “Mask Abhiyan” initiative to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
About Mask Abhiyan
The main objective of the initiative is to turn the use of mask into a habit. This will play a huge role in controlling the current resurgence of COVID-19. Also, the State Government has increased the fines for violators from Rupees 1000 to Rupees 2000.
The state Government had also made amendments to the COVID-19 regulations under the Epidemic Diseases Act of 1897. Accordingly, people who do not wear masks in public places will be fined up to Rupees 2,000 for violations for the first time. When violated for the second time, people will be charged with Rupees 5,000 of fine.
On what legal grounds has state Govt introduced the fines?
In May 2020, the Central Government directed the states to invoke Epidemic Diseases Act. The act empowers the state governments to take special measures during an epidemic. It also defines penalties for defying the regulations provided under the act. Under these provisions, the Odisha Government has introduced the fines.
Provisions of Epidemic Act of 1897
- Health is a state subject. However, Section 2A of the Epidemics Act empowers the Central Government to take steps to prevent the spread of the pandemic.
- Section 3 of the act provides penalties for disobedience.
- Section 4 of the act provides legal protection to the officers implementing actions taken under the act.
Recent Amendments to the Epidemic Act of 1897
Recently Central Government made amendments to the act stating that acts of violence against healthcare service personnel shall be punished. The accused will be imprisoned for three months to 5 years and will be fined till Rupees 2 lakhs.
Odisha CM launched Mask Abhiyan Odisha CM launched Mask Abhiyan