National Sample Survey report- ‘Time Use Survey’, which was a first of its kind, was recently conducted by GoI’s Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Key Points

  • National Sample Survey was conducted between January 2019 & December 2019.
  •  1.39 lakh households comprising 4.47 lakh persons over the age of 6 were listed.

The report

  • The primary objective of the NSS is to measure the participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • NSS provides information on time spent in unpaid caregiving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service-producing activities of the household members.
  • National Sample Survey also highlights the information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities and self-care activities by the households.

Key Findings

  • 38.2 per cent of the population participates in “employment and other related activities. They spend 429 minutes or 7 hours and 9 minutes each day.
  • Gender disparity:  Only 18.4 per cent women participate in employment activities when compared with 57.3 per cent men.
  • Men spend on an average 459 minutes or 7 hours and 39 minutes while women spend only 333 minutes or 5 hours and 33 minutes.
  • Unpaid domestic work– women’s  participation in unpaid domestic services such as cooking, cleaning, household management, for household members is 81.2 per cent single day as compare to 26.1 per cent for men. Women spend 299 minutes that is almost 5 hours on unpaid domestic services which is thrice as much as men 97 minutes or 1 hour 37 minutes.
  • Care-giving activities– Only 14 % of men participate in unpaid care giving services for household members by spending 76 minutes a day on an average. While share of women is double at 27.6 per cent and they also spend more than 120 minutes in such care-giving.
  • According to the survey, Indians do not like to be unpaid volunteers or trainees or to take part in community or organization-based unpaid volunteering.  Only, 2.4 per cent of the respondents volunteer for such work
  • Participation in socializing and communication through chatting, conversing and community participation  in gatherings and religious participation is high at 91.3 per cent spending around 143 minutes each day on an average.
  • Participation in culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices through reading, and watching television is  high at 86.9 per cent spending  165 minutes daily on an average.

NSS report- Time use in India 2019 NSS report- Time use in India 2019