Government of India think tank NITI Aayog published its draft national policy on migrant labours.

  • The draft policy was prepared in association with the working subgroup of officials and members of civil society.
  • It is inspired by the rights-based approach which gain momentum during the return migration of around 10 million (1 crore) migrant workers from cities to their respective village during the coronavirus and nationwide lockdown.

Facts regarding draft policy

  • The draft policy describes dual approaches regarding the policy design.
    1. The first approach focusses on cash transfers, special quotas, and reservations for the labours.
    2. The second is approach seeks to enhance the agency and capability of community. Thus, in turn removes any of the aspects coming in the way of natural ability of the individual to prosper.
  • The draft further rejects the handout approach and opts for a rights-based framework.
  • Draft also seeks to remove the restrictions on true agency and potential of the migrant workers.
  • The Draft was formulated with the goal of “not providing any temporary or permanent economic aids as well as the social aids”.
  • Draft further maintains that, “Internal Migration should be considered as an integral part of the development and government’s policies should be formulated in such a way that it facilitates the migration”.

Need of the new policy

The Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers was formulated in the light of flaws in the existing laws. The 2017 report also stated that migrant workers should be integrated with all other workers so as to overarch the exploitation of workers by contractors. Further, in India the size of the unorganised sector is huge so a comprehensive policy was required to provide them a social protection.

NITI Aayog published Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers NITI Aayog published Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers