Highlights 

NAP: National Action Plan for Vulture Conservation, 2020-25 was finally approved by National Board for Wildlife (NBWL). The Action plan has suggested that new veterinary non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs be tested on vultures before they are commercially released.

Points To Note

  • The New National Action plan automatically removes veterinary use of a drug if it is found to be toxic to vultures. This is to be done with the help of Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI).
  • The New National Action plan, all states will host at least one vulture safe zone to conserve the remnant population of vultures in the state. These centres will facilitate conservation and breeding of vultures.
  • A coordinated Nation-wide vulture counting is to be conducted by the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), Forest Department, NGO, Research Institute, etc. These countings are to be conducted at regular intervals.

Vulture Multi-Species Action Plan

Vulture Multi-Species Action Plan was adopted at the Conservation of Migratory Species held in 2017. The first strategy of the Multi-Species Action Plan was launched at the CMS COP 13 (Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals) held in Gujarat’s district Gandhinagar.

The major objectives of the Multi-Species Action Plan are as follows

  • To reduce mortality due to NSAID (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug).
  • To halt the trade of vulture parts
  • To reduce mortality caused due to unintentional toxic substances
  • To stop poisoning by poacher.

A National vulture Task Force is to be created in every member country. This task force shall help the respective govts to address the threats to vultures in their respective countries.

The report of success of the project will be created in 2029.

Threats

The major threats leading to decline in vulture population are intentional and unintentional poisoning, death due to power grid infrastructure (collision or electrocution), reduction in food availability, diseases, habitat loss (fragmentation and degradation), disturbance from human activities and climate change.

National Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025 National Action Plan for Vulture Conservation 2020-2025