QUAD Naval Exercise called Malabar Exercise second phase begins between India, Japan, Australia and US from 17 to 20 November 2020 in the Northern Arabian Sea. The first phase of Malabar Naval exercise was held from 3 to 6 November 2020 in the Bay of Bengal.
Malabar Exercise is important because the QUAD countries together after a long time. Under the QUAD meeting held in October 2020, the countries agreed on free and open Indo-Pacific Region.

The Navies of India, Japan, Australia and United States of America are to participate in the second phase. This is the first time in the 10 years that the 4 major powerful countries are participating in such as large war-gaming naval exercise.

The first phase of Malabar Exercise involved aircraft carriers, fighter jets, submarine and other ships.

The second phase of Malabar Exercise is to witness joint operations centred around USS Nimitz Carrier Strike Group of US Navy and the INS Vikramaditya Carrier Battle Group of Indian Navy.

Also, during the Malabar second phase, the navies are to engage in high intensity naval operations such as cross deck flying and also air defence exercises by F-18 fighter from USS Nimitz and Mikoyan MiG-29K fighters of INS Vikramaditya. The other exercises to be held during the second phase include advanced surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, weapon firings and seamanship evolutions.

TMalabar exercise will help to enhance inter-operability between the 4 or QUAD friendly navies.

Indian Navy Participation

From Indian Navy INS Vikramaditya (Kiev-class aircraft carrier), helicopter air-wings, indigenous destroyers (INS Chennai) Chennai and (Kolkata class) Kolkata, fleet support INS Deepak, Talwar-class frigate and integral helicopters are to participate. Also, the indigenously built P81, the maritime reconnaissance Poseidon and INS Khanderi are to participate.

United States Navy Participation

The US Nimitz (Nimitz-class aircraft carrier) is to be accompanied by destroyer Strett and USS Princeton. Also, the Boeing P-8 Poseidon are to participate

Japan Participation

Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) is to join the exercise.

Australia Participation

The Royal Australian Navy is to be represented by its frigate Ballarat (HMAS Ballarat). Malabar Exercise Second phase begins