Highlights

QUAD countries announced the first phase of Malabar Exercise 2020 is to be held in Bay of Bengal from 3 Nov to 6 Nov 2020. Navies of QUAD countries India Navy (IN), Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), United States Navy (USN) and Royal Australian Navy (RAN) are to participate in the Malabar exercise. Phase II of the Naval exercise is to be held from 17 Nov 2020 to 20 Nov 2020.

  • The first phase of the Malabar exercise will include complex and advanced naval exercises.
  • During the naval exercise, the countries will conduct anti-submarine operation and anti-warfare, seamanship evolution, cross-deck flying and weapon firing exercise.

During the exercise, the Indian Navy is to deploy a number of key platforms. This includes

  • Sukanya-class patrol vessel,
  • INS Shivalik frigate,
  • INS Shakti (A57) Deepak-class fleet tanker
  • INS Sindhuraj (S57) Sindhughosh Class.

Also, the Dornier Do 228 maritime patrol aircraft, P-81 long range maritime patrol aircraft and the BAE Systems Hawk (Hawk- Advanced Jet Trainer) are to be deployed.

From United States Navy Ship USS John S McCain (Guided-missile destroyer) participate, From Royal Australian Navy Ship HMAS Ballarat (long range frigate) with integral MH-60 helicopter, and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force Ship JS Onami (Destroyer) with integral SH-60 helicopter” participate this excercise.

Malabar Exercise

In 1992, India and Unites States start Malabar exercise in the Indian Ocean. After 20 years In 2015, Japan became the permanent member of the Naval exercise. In 2019, the exercise was held in Japan sea and again in 2018 in Philippine sea.

Current Scenario

After the India-China stand off in Ladakh region. India has been strengthening its defence forces, fastening its border infrastructure developments. Also, India has been actively negotiating with International powers to ensure free and open Indo-Pacific. India has also been conducting frequent testing missile and holding several military exercises in Indian Ocean and Indo-Pacific Ocean. These are to send strong signals to the Beijing and to keep the defence systems prepared to counter Chinese influence in the Indian Ocean Region.

Recent military exercises and counter measures of India to Chinese actions in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) are as follows

 Malabar Naval Exercise 2020 is the 24th edition of Quad countries.

Malabar Exercise 2020 to be held in Bay of Bengal