The demolition of the joint liaison office

On 15 June 2020, North Korea blew up the joint liaison office with South Korea in Kaesong, an industrial township on its side of the border. In recent years, this is the most serious incident to have occurred between the two countries, without them actually going to war The demolition was part of a series of events in deterioration of relations between Pyongyang and Seoul .

Kaesong — a symbol of peace

• Kaesong Industrial Region (KIR) is a special administrative industrial region of North Korea • Kaesong industrial park, operated from 2004 to 2016 as a collaborative economic development with South Korea • Industries by South, workers from North.
J.9 June 2020

Importance of the Liaison office

  • The Inter-Korean Liaison Office was a joint liaison office of North Korea and South Korea located in Kaesong Industrial Region.
  • The office was located in a four-story building constructed in 2005 for the Inter-Korean Exchange and Cooperation Consultation Office
  • In the absence of formal diplomatic relations, the building functioned as a de facto embassy and provided a direct communication channel for the two nations.

A deteriorating situation

  • All Hotlines severed – North Korean state media said several hotlines would be shuttered, including a military-to-military phone and another line meant to directly connect its leader Kim Jong UN (North Korean President) and South Korean President Moon Jae-in at a moment’s notice.
  • Hotlines were considered important because they could help prevent an accidental military confrontation between both countries caused by misinterpreting or miscalculating the other side’s action or intention.
Liaison office blown up by North Korea
  • North Korea Leader Kim Jong UN has threatened to abandon a bilateral military agreement reached in 2018 to reduce tensions across the border.
  • North Korea’s (leader Kim Jong UN) military threatened to move back into zones that were demilitarized under inter-Korean peace agreements inter-Korean summit on April 27, 2018
  • North Korea has threatened to abandon a bilateral military agreement reached in 2018 to reduce tensions across the border.
  • North Korea’s military threatened to move back into zones that were demilitarized under inter-Korean peace agreements
Liaison office blown up by North Korea

Reason for increase in tensions

In the past weeks, tensions between the two countries have increased after Pyongyang objected to activists and defectors in South Korea sending anti-North Korean propaganda leaflets, rice and Bibles using balloons across the border into North Korean territory. Fighters for a Free North Korea, the non-governmental organization that claimed to send the balloons, said it sent 500,000 leaflets, 2,000 $1 bills and 1,000 SD cards over the border.

Liaison office blown up by North Korea

2nd in Command

• Kim Yo Jong is believed to be the second-most powerful figure in her country right now. She was recently announced as her brother’s top official on inter-Korean affairs.
• The sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un days earlier said the North would demolish a “useless” inter-Korean liaison office and that she would leave it to the military to come up with the next step of retaliation against the “enemy” South Korea.
In recent weeks, she has repeatedly bashed South Korea over declining bilateral relations and its inability to stop leafleting by defectors and activists.

Is North Korea creating a controlled crisis?

Experts believe it’s possible the Kim Jong Un regime is using the leaflets issue to manufacture a crisis in Korean’s nations
This is a tactic in North Korea’s international relations playbook that’s often used to create a sense of urgency in fledgling talks.

  • Sanctions levied on North Korea by the United Nations Security Council and the United States.
  • Pyongyang desperately needs strong currency (Stable Currency), but sanctions bar the country from selling most things of value or engaging in profitable joint projects with the South.
  • North Korea is expressing its frustration because Seoul (Capital of South Korea) is unable to resume joint economic projects due to U.S.-led sanctions.
  • Frustration over the lack of progress in its nuclear negotiations with Washington (US State).
  • United State of American rejecting North Korean demands for major sanctions relief in exchange for a partial surrender of its nuclear capabilities.
  • North Korea is deliberately censuring the South to rally its own public and shift attention away from a worsening economy.

Will South Korea React?

• The cycle of escalation with North Korea is something South Koreans have gotten used to.

•  discontinuance communication will likely fail to register as a major issue in South Korea
• The economy and the coronavirus pandemic are the most
pressing concerns of the day.

Liaison office blown up by North Korea Liaison office blown up by North Korea