The longest river in Lebanon is “River Litani” has an artificial lake called the Qaraoun lake created by the Litani river dam. Around forty tonnes of fish were recently washed on the banks of the lake due to excessive pollution. The pollution was mainly due to sewage dumping. This has gained an international spotlight. Such a huge disaster is happening for the first time in the region.


In 2018, Government ban fishing in the reservoir. However, the actions were inadequate to stop the pollution.

Litani river

  • The Litani river is an important water source for the southern part of Lebanon.
  • In 1959, Litani dam was constructed for irrigation and hydropower projects.
  • It rises in the Beqaa valley and empties in Mediterranean sea.
  • The Litani rivers originates and flows entirely inside Lebanon, that is, it is not a transboundary river.

Recent environmental disasters in Lebanon

In April 2021, the volunteers removed sticky tar from the beaches in Lebanon coast after an oil spill.

In August 2020, a huge explosion occurred in Beirut port that devastated the country. It even led to the country’s Prime Minister resigning his office. Here are the Beirut Explosion details:

  • A Massive Explosion occurs at the Lebanese capital, Beirut
  • The Prime Minister of Lebanon Hassan Diab announces his resignation
  • India sends humanitarian aid to Lebanon
  • UNESCO launches new initiative to revamp the heritage buildings in the country
  • UN launches 3RF plan to revitalise Beirut

Battle of Litani River

It was fought on 9th June 1941. It was a battle of second world war. It was fought to advance Beirut. During the war, the Australian troops crossed the Litani river and fought with the Vichy French troops. This was a part of the Syria-Lebanon Campaign, which is British invasion of Vichy French, Lebanon and Syria. Vichy French was an independent ally of Germany.

Lebanon 40 Tonnes of Fish die Lebanon 40 Tonnes of Fish die