Peer-reviewed Journal Lancet medical journal has published its 2020 report. In Lancet 2020 report, It has highlighted that India has gained in the life expectancy since 1990.
Key redults of the report
In 1992, life expectancy of India has increased from 59.6 years to 70.8 years in 2019. Kerala State has the highest life expectancy. In Kerala life expectancy has increased to 77.3 years. The life expectancy of UP was 66.9 years.
Points To Note
- Lancet 2020 report says that the maternal mortality in India is coming down. However, maternal malnutrition and child malnutrition are still the major factors of illness and death in India. They still contribute to one-fifth of total disease burden in States touches UP and Bihar.
- Cardiovascular diseases that were the 5th major cause of death in India has now become number one
- The cancer rates are increasing in india
- In the last 3 decades chronic illness including high blood sugar, obesity and air pollution related health issues have increased in India
- The largest contributors to health loss in India in the last 3 decades were diabetes, heart diseases, stroke and musculoskeletal disorders.
- The top 5 risk factors of death in India are air pollution, high blood pressure, tobacco use, poor diet and high blood sugar. The air pollution contributed to 17 lakh death, high blood pressure contributes to 14 lakh death, tobacco use to 12 lakh death, poor diet to 1.18 million deaths and high blood sugar to 11 lakh deaths.
About Maternal mortality rate
According to WHO, Maternal mortality is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination. According to the national health policy 2017 India has set a target of achieving MMR of 100 per 1 lakh live births by 2020. As of 2018, maternal mortality ratio in India is 113.
India has also committed to achieve the UN target of sustainable development goals (SDG) for maternal mortality rate of 70 per 1 lakh live births by 2030.
Lancet Study Life expectancy in India Lancet Study Life expectancy in India