Highlights

The third Bihu festival, Kati Bihu is celebrated across Assam. The Kati Bihu is also Known as Kangali Bihu, the festival of the poor (the word “Kongal” means “poor”). Kangali Bihu is celebrated in mid-October when the crops are at growing stage and the granaries of the farmers are empty.

Kati Bihu festival

  • Kati Bihu is associated with agriculture and rice.
  • The festival day, earthen lamps are lit in households.
  • During ancient times, earthen lamps were lit all around the paddy crops to captivate the insects. 
  • Therefore, it acted as a natural insectide. In the evening, cows and bulls are fed with food made from rice items and this is called pitha.

Types of Bihu Festival

There are 3 different types of Bihu festivals namely Bohag Bihu, Bhogali Bihu and Kati Bihu.

Bohag Bihu

Bohag Bihu is also called Rongali Bihu. The most popular Bihu celebrates the beginning of the Assamese New Year and the arriving of spring. The Bohag Bihu is celebrated from April 15 to April 21. The Festival marks the first day of the Hindu solar calendar. The folk songs related with the Bohag Bihu are known as Bihugeets songs.

Bhogali Bihu

It is also called Magh Bihu. It is originated from the word ‘Bhog’ that is eating and enjoyment and It is a harvest festival of Assam. It celebrated on 14 and 15 January. During this season, there is a lot of feasting and eating, as the granaries are full. Magh Bihu signs the end of harvesting season in Assam.

Other places where Kati Bihu is celebrated

Bengal, Punjab, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, Mithila, Orissa and Kerala these states also celebrate Kati Bihu festival.

Instruments

Dhol, Taal, Toka, Pepa, Xutuli, Gogona and Baanhi (Flute) these instruments used in Bihu festivals.

Kati Bihu festival celebrated in Assam