The joint venture Japan & Australia has started producing hydrogen from brown coal. They have collaborated for a US$ 500 million pilot project which aims to show that liquefied hydrogen can be produced commercially and can be safely exported overseas.
Both Japan & Australia have planned to create the first international supply chain for the liquefied hydrogen. In the next they also planned for shipping a cargo on the first liquefied hydrogen carrier of the world. The project will produce the hydrogen by reacting coal with oxygen and steam under high heat and pressure with carbon dioxide & other gases as the by-products.
Significance of the project for Japan
The joint project is located in the Brown Coal Reserves in the Australian state of Victoria and is run by Kawasaki Heavy industries. The project is significant because it will help Japan to meet its “net zero emission” target by 2050. Japan, which is the 5th largest energy consumer of the world, has aimed to boost the annual hydrogen demand by 10 times amounting to 20 million tonnes by 2050. It is equal to 40% of the current power generation in the country.
Significance of the project for Australia
Australia dominates the global LNG trade. So, the country further hopes that the ‘liquefied hydrogen‘ will provide a greener market for its gas and coal.
The Brown coal or Lignite is a soft, brown, combustible, sedimentary rock which is formed from the naturally compressed peat. Brown coal is the lowest rank of coal because of its relatively low heat content. The coal comprised of the carbon content of around 25% to 35%. The coal is mined all around the world. It is exclusively used as a fuel for steam-electric power generation. It is the most harmful coal to human health.
Japan & Australia starts Producing Hydrogen from Brown Coal Japan & Australia starts Producing Hydrogen from Brown Coal