Recently, ISRO and JAXA reviewed their cooperation in earth observation, lunar cooperation and satellite navigation.

  • Cooperation
    • Both space agencies also agreed to explore opportunities for cooperation in “space situational awareness and professional exchange programme”.
    • ISRO and JAXA signed an Implementing Arrangement for collaborative activities on rice crop area and air quality monitoring using satellite data.
    • India and Japan are already working on a joint lunar polar exploration (LUPEX) mission.
      • LUPEX Mission aims to send a lander and rover to the Moon’s south pole around 2024.
  • Agreements with Other Countries
    • Both India and Italy have decided to explore opportunities in earth observation, space science and robotic and human exploration.
    • Both India and Australia signed an amendment to the Memorandum of understanding which will build on the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
      • Both sides are also in discussions for Australia to host vital tracking infrastructure to support the Gaganyaan manned space flight mission.

Few Achievements Through International Cooperation

  • Chandrayaan-1
    • The Chandrayaan-1 (ISRO’s maiden mission to Moon) has been an exemplary example of international cooperation with its international payloads.
    • It has also earned several national and international laurels and was instrumental in the ISRO-NASA joint discovery of water molecules on the moon surface, unattained by any of the previous missions of such nature.
  • Megha-Tropiques
    • The Indo-French joint satellite mission called MEGHA-TROPIQUES was launched in the year 2011 for the study of the tropical atmosphere and climate related to aspects such as monsoonscyclones, etc.
  • Saral
    • The Indo-French joint mission, named SARAL (Satellite for ALTIKA and ARGOS) for studying the ocean from space using altimetry was successfully launched in the year 2013.
    • NASA and ISRO are realizing a joint satellite mission called NISAR (NASA ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar) for earth science studies.
    • NISAR mission will observe Earth and measure its changing ecosystem and masses globally.
    • NISAR is the world’s most expensive imaging-satellite and the two space agencies intend to launch by 2022.
    • Indian Space Research Organisation has launched capacity building programme on nano satellite development, named as UNNATI (UNispace Nanosatellite Assembly & Training by ISRO) as an initiative of UNISPACE+50 (the 50th Anniversary of the first United Nations (UN) conference on the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space).
    • Indian Space Research Organisation and the French space agency CNES (Centre national d’études spatiales) have partnered in developing advanced upgradation satellites like TRISHNA to monitor the water cycle to help in finding out proper ways to utilize it.

ISRO-JAXA reviewed cooperation ISRO-JAXA reviewed cooperation