On 15th April 2021, the Supreme Court of India ordered a CBI probe into the role of Kerala Police officers in framing Nambi Narayanan (Indian scientist and an aerospace engineer)in 1994 Espionage Case.

Beginning of the ISRO Espionage case

The Espionage Case began with the arrest of Maldivian woman Mariam Rashida in the year 1994. Mariam was arrested on the charges of overstaying her visa. Her arrest led to the arrest of Narayanan. He was the director of the cryogenic project lab of ISRO.

Arrest of Nambi Narayanan

  • In the year 1994, Nambi Narayanan was charged for leaking vital defence secrets to Maldivian intelligence officers Fauzia Hassan and Mariam Rashida. He was accused of selling confidential flight test data from the experiments with satellite and rocket launches. He was arrested and he spent 50 days in jail.
  • By May 1996, the charges against the scientist were dismissed. It was later dismissed in Supreme Court in April 1998.
  • In the year 1999, the National Human Rights Commission passed strictures against the state Government of Kerala for damaging Narayanan’s career in space research. He was then given desk job at ISRO.
  • In the year 2001, the National Human Rights Commission ordered the Kerala Government to pay a compensation of Rupees 1 crore. He then retired in the year 2001.

Narayanan’s fight for Justice

In the year 2013, Narayanan pushed to get justice and bring out the people involved in framing a false case on him. In the year 2018, the Supreme court of India appointed a 3-member panel to probe the case. Later a 3-judge bench headed by Justice Dipak Misra ordered to award Rupees 50 lakh compensation for the mental cruelty suffered by the scientist all these years.

In the year 2019, Government of India conferred Padma Bhushan to Nambi Narayanan.

ISRO Espionage Case 1994 ISRO Espionage Case 1994