Highlights

After Morocco, Now Bhutan has established diplomatic ties with Israel .

  • The development comes two days after Israel and Morocco agreed to normalize ties in a deal brokered with assistance from the United States of America.
    • Morocco became the fourth Arab country, after the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, to set aside hostilities with Israel in the past four months.

The peace deal are known as Abraham Accords

Israel establish diplomatic ties with Bhutan

Background

  • Since 1982 Israel has supported Bhutanese human resource development, especially in the area of agriculture development that has benefited hundreds of Bhutanese youths.
  • Both Israel and Bhutan maintained a cordial relation despite a lack of formal ties.
  • Israel briefly had a non-resident ambassador to Bhutan in the year 2010.
  • Since 2013, Israel’s Agency for International Development Cooperation MASHAV has trained hundreds of Bhutanese youth

Recent Development

  • The two countries established a formal diplomatic relation and agreed to work closely together in various sectors.
  • Both countries will not be setting up embassies in Thimphu and Tel Aviv however, and will coordinate through their missions in Delhi.

Significance

  • The establishment of diplomatic ties would create new avenues for cooperation between Bhutan and Israel in water management, technology, human resource development, agricultural sciences and other areas of mutual benefit.
  • As for tourism, Bhutan that limits the number of outsiders who can enter will now likely be more open to Israelis.
  • People-to-People ties through cultural exchanges and tourism would also be further enhanced.

Foreign Relations of Bhutan

India’s Role: Bhutan’s foreign relations till date are mostly under the guidance of India, with which Bhutan had official diplomatic relations from year 1949.

The basis for India and Bhutan bilateral relations was formed by the Indo-Bhutan Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1949.

However, Article 2 of the treaty critically gave India a role in guiding Bhutan’s foreign policy. Hence, some alterations were made in the treaty in the year 2007. As per the new treaty, Bhutan can import arms as long as Indian interests are not harmed and there is no re-export of the weapons, either by the government or individuals.

However Bhutan does not have diplomatic ties with any of the 5 permanent members of the United Nations security council (UNSC).

Until the 2007 it had formal relations with just 22 countries in the world but after their 2008 elections, the Bhutanese government rapidly increased its diplomatic relations, signing agreements with 31 countries in 5 years.

Bhutan has diplomatic relations with some 53 countries and the EU (European Union).

Recently, Bhutan establishes formal ties with Germany.

Israel establish diplomatic ties with Bhutan Israel establish diplomatic ties with Bhutan