On 29 November 2020, Islamic Consultative Assembly (Iranian Parliament) has passed a bill called the “Strategic Measures for the Removal of Sanctions”. The new bill in order to boost its nuclear activities. Iran has taken this decision in the wake of assassination (on 27 November 2020) of the Iranian nuclear scientist and head of the Iranian defence ministry innovation centre. He was assassinated during a Gunman attack in the town of Absard in Tehran region.
JCPOA is Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.
IAEA is International Atomic Energy Agency.
Key features of strategic measures for the removal of sanctions bill
- The new bill aims to increase uranium enrichment level to 20 per cent or more. Currently Iran is enriching its uranium at more than 4 per cent. The JCPOA has capped the enrichment level of Uranium at 3.67 per cent.
- It will restore the Arak nuclear reactor (IR-40). The Arak nuclear reactor was set to be redesigned for the production of radioisotopes. By this the nuclear reactor will not produce weapon grade plutonium under the JCPOA.
- It abandons voluntary compliance with the additional protocol to the safeguard agreement under IAEA.
About Nuclear enrichment process
Nuclear enrichment is a process to create an effective nuclear fuel. For instance, uranium occurs as uranium-235 and uranium-238. They are the two isotopes of Uranium. Isotopes are atoms with same mass number and different atomic number. Of these two forms, only uranium 235 undergoes fission with thermal neutrons. In other words, only Uranium 235 is ideal for nuclear energy. Higher the concentration of Uranium 235, higher is the nuclear energy produced. This process of enriching the fissile material in a nuclear fuel is called nuclear enrichment.
The naturally occurring uranium does not have high concentration of Uranium 235. The concentration of Uranium 235 in the naturally occurring Uranium is only 0.72 per cent and the rest is Uranium 238. Therefore, the uranium 235 is artificially added to increase the nuclear energy received from the fuel.
About Mohsen Fakhrizadeh
The father of the Iranian bomb was an academic physicist. Fakhrizadeh led the green salt project and the organisation of defensive Innovation & Research. In 2006, the UN Security Council imposed an asset freeze to Mohsen as Iran refused to make him available for the interview of IAEA.
About Green salt project
Green salt project is known as Project 1-11. The Project alleged secret project of Iran that focuses on high explosives, random processing and missile Warhead design. Project 1-11 derives its name from Uranium tetrafluoride. This is because Uranium tetrachloride is also called as green salt.
About Green salt
Green salt is a green crystalline solid compound and is slightly soluble in water. It occurs in Uranous state. The tetravalent state of Uranium is called Uranous state.
What is Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action?
JCPA is also known as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal. The JCPOA is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program. The agreement was done between Iran and P5+1 member countries together with the European Union in Vienna on 14 July 2015. Under this Deal, Iran will cut its stockpile of low-enriched uranium by 98 per cent, and reduce by about 2/3 the number of its gas centrifuges for 13 years. For the next 15 years Iran will only enrich uranium up to 3.67 per cent.
US sanctions against Iran
Since 1979 US has applied various sanctions against Iran includes economic, trade, scientific and military. United States economic sanctions are administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control. Currently, the United States of America sanctions against Iran include an embargo on dealings with the country by the United States, and a ban on selling aircraft and repair parts to Iranian aviation companies. Iran’s Strategic Measures for the Removal of Sanctions bill Iran’s Strategic Measures for the Removal of Sanctions bill