Highlights

Iranian Government tabled a new bill in Iranian Parliament (Islamic Consultative Assembly) to Boost Nuclear Activity. The New bill passed with majority of votes on 29 November 2020. The new bill represented with named as “The strategic measure for the removal of sanctions” bill.

Why Iran passed this bill?

Iranian Parliament has passed this bill in order to boost its nuclear activities. Iran has taken this decision in the light of assassination of its nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh Mahabadi.

The issue

Brigadier general in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Mohsen Fakhrizadeh was a veteran physicist and a nuclear scientist of Iran. Fakhrizadeh was working in the fields of nuclear research and defense activities. But, recently he was Assassinated by Israel (Mossad) and US (CIA) on 27 November, 2020 in a bombing and shooting outside Tehran. So, Iranian Parliament National Security and Foreign Policy Committee of Iran discussed the bill named as “strategic measure for the removal of sanctions” and approved three of its articles.

The Bill “strategic measure for the removal of sanctions bill”

  1. The strategic measure bill seeks to increase Iran’s nuclear activities.
  2. The new bill will increase the uranium enrichment level by 20 per cent or more in Iran. This amount of uranium is considered as a weapon-grade one.
  3. It will further restore the Arak nuclear reactor (IR-40) that was set to be redesigned so as to produce radioisotopes. This was done to stop it from producing the weapons-grade plutonium under the JCPOA.
  4. It also compels Iran to abandon the voluntary compliance with the Additional Protocol. The Bill will safeguard the agreement with the IAEA.

JCPOA is Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

IAEA is International Atomic Energy Agency.

Current Scenario

Iran is enriching its uranium at more than 4 per cent. This is more then the prescribed level of 3.67 per cent under the JCPOA.

About Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is also known as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal. The JCPOA is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program. The agreement was done between Iran and P5+1 member countries together with the European Union in Vienna on 14 July 2015. Under this Deal, Iran will cut its stockpile of low-enriched uranium by 98 per cent, and reduce by about 2/3 the number of its gas centrifuges for 13 years. For the next 15 years Iran will only enrich uranium up to 3.67 per cent.

What is P5+1?

The P5+1 comprise of the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council. P5+1 countries are the United States of America, United Kingdom, France, Russian Federation, China and ; plus Germany. P5+1 is often referred to as the E3+3 by European countries.

Iran Passed Bill To Boost Nuclear Activity Iran Passed Bill To Boost Nuclear Activity