Recently, Mount Sinabung, an active volcano on Indonesia’s Sumatra island has erupted.
- Earlier, other erupted volcanoes of Indonesia- Merapi volcano and Semeru volcano– had erupted.
- Mount Sinabung
- Mount Sinabung (2600 metre) is located in Karo regency, North Sumatra.
- Mt Sinabung is among more than 120 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire.
- The volcano was dormant for 400 years before exploding in the year 2010.
- It exploded again in 2014 ,2016 and 2020.
- Ring of Fire
- It also referred to as the Circum-Pacific Belt, is a path along the Pacific Ocean characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.
- It traces boundaries between several tectonic plates—including the Pacific, Cocos, Indian-Australian, Nazca, North American, and Philippine Plates.
- The abundance of volcanoes and earthquakes along the Ring of Fire is caused by the amount of movement of tectonic plates in the area.
- 75 per cent of Earth’s volcanoes i.e. more than 450 volcanoes are located along the Ring of Fire. 90 per cent of Earth’s earthquakes occur along its path.
Mt Sinabung active Volcano erupts Mt Sinabung active Volcano erupts