The Global Gender Gap Report for 2021, recently published by World Economic Forum. In this Index, India has seen a decrease in its ranking on the index by 28 places.
- India has been ranked 140th among 156 countries. With this, India became the 3rd-worst performer in South Asia.
- As per the index, India has closed 62.5 per cent of its gender gap to date.
- In 2020 Global Gender Gap Report, India was ranked 112th among 153 countries.
- The decline also took place on the economic participation and opportunity subindex.
- The index highlighted that India’s gender gap on this dimension widened by 3 per cent this year, leading to a 32.6 per cent gap closed till date.
- Most of the decrease has been seen on the political empowerment subindex, where India regressed 13.5 percentage points. The women ministers have declined to 9.1 per cent in 2021 from 23.1 per cent in 2019).
- One of the drivers of this decline is a decrease in women’s labor force participation rate, which decreased from 24.8 per cent to 22.3 per cent.
- The share of women in professional and technical roles also decreased to 29.2 per cent.
- In senior and managerial positions, the share of women is also low. Only 14.6 per cent of these positions are held by women and only 8.9 per cent of firms are with female top managers.
- The income earned by women in India is the only 1/5th of that earned by men. This has put India among the bottom 10 globally on this indicator.
- Discrimination against women is also seen in the health and survival subindex statistics. With 93.7 per cent of this gap closed to date, India has been ranked among the bottom 5 countries in this subindex.
India and its Neighbours
- Among India’s neighbors, Nepal has been ranked 106, Bangladesh at 65, Afghanistan at 156, Pakistan at 153, Sri Lanka at 116, and Bhutan at 130.
- South Asia is the second-lowest performer on the index among regions. The region has an overall gender gap closed at 62.3 per cent.
- In the South Asia region, only two countries- Pakistan and Afghanistan have been ranked below India.
Iceland has topped the index for the 12th time and is the most gender-equal country in the world. The top 10 most gender-equal countries are
- New Zealand
India’s Rank in 2021 Global Gender Gap Index India’s Rank in 2021 Global Gender Gap Index