Indian Space Research Organisation’s satellite Himalayan Chandra Telescope is located at the Indian Astronomical Observatory located in Hanle near Leh in Ladakh, India. It has been scanning the night sky in search of comets, stellar explosions, exo-planets and asteroids.
Himalayan Chandra Telescope operates using delicate satellite communication link from Centre for Research and Education in Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Astrophysics. Himalayan Chandra telescope marked 20 years (two decades) of successful operation with more than 260 research papers published using data obtained from it.
Other Telescopes at Indian Astronomical Observatory
The IAO is located at India’s Hanle, Ladakh. The telescopes located at the observatory are as follows
- Himalayan Chandra Telescope (HCT)
- Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen (GROWTH) India
- Imaging Cherenkov Telescope (MACE)
- Gamma-Ray Array Telescope (HAGAR)
Himalayan Chandra Telescope
- Himalayan Chandra Telescope is located on Mount Saraswati at an altitude of 4,500 metres. It is operated by the Indian IIA, Bangalore. It was installed by Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore in 2000. The telescope has 3 major science instruments namely Near-IR Imager, Himalayan Faint Object Spectrograph and Optical CCD Imager.
- Himalayan Chandra Telescope is remotely operated by INSAT-3B satellite link that allows operation even in sub-zero temperatures.
- It generated 1000 Gigabyte of data in a year.
Major Atmospheric Cerenkov Experiment Telescope
ISRO’s MACE Telescope is an imaging telescope. MACE is the highest Cherenkov Telescope globally. Also, it is the second largest gamma ray telescope in the world. The telescope is named after the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) Scientist Pavel Cherenkov. Cherenkov predicted that charged particles moving at high speeds emit light.
HAGAR stands for High Altitude Gamma Ray Telescope. It is an atmospheric Cherenkov telescope that was set up in 2008. It has an array of 7 telescopes.
Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen was the first robotic telescope of India. It is an international collaborative of telescopes and astronomers to study the short-lived cosmic transients and near-earth asteroids.
Himalayan Chandra Telescope completes successful 20 years Himalayan Chandra Telescope completes successful 20 years