Highlights

Indian Army Chief MM Navarne was conferred with the rank of honorary General of Nepal Army on 5 Nov 2020. Bidhya Devi Bhandari 2nd President of Nepal presented him with a scroll and a sword during the honouring ceremony.

  • General MM Navarne is on a 3 day visit to Nepal.
  • Navarne is in Nepal to discuss “Army-to-Army relations and bilateral defence cooperation” with his counterpart.
  • The tradition of bestowing honorary title to the army chief of other countries has been in practice since 1950.
  • Nepali Army Chief General Purna Chandra Thapa was honoured with similar rank by the President of India Ram Nath Kovind.
  • Earlier in 1950, Commander in Chief K. M. Cariappa was the first Indian Army Chief to receive the honorary title.

Indian Army Chief

MM Navarne commands second largest Army in the world. The mission of the Indian Army is to provide national security, defend territorial integrity, sovereignty and harmony of India. Army also provides humanitarian support during natural disasters.

India-Nepal Defence cooperation

Both countries hold “SURYA KIRAN” military exercise. Both India & Nepal have been awarding honorary ranks to each other’s army chiefs from 1950s. The Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army is raised through partial recruitment from Nepal.

Parliamentary Exchanges

In 2016, a Thirteen member delegation of Members of Parliament from Nepal was on a study tour to India. In 2019, Nepal formed the “Nepal-India Parliamentary Friendship Group”. The Friendship group consisted of members from both the parliaments. This was to help Nepal in its parliamentary planning and proceedings. India taught its methodologies through the programme.

India-Nepal Border cooperation

Nepal shares its border with 5 Indian states are

  • Bihar
  • Sikkim
  • West Bengal
  • Uttarakhand
  • Uttar Pradesh

Both countries have border disputes over certain regions along the border. They are Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura. Recently, the tensions increased as Nepal included these disputed territories in its political map. Army Chief conferred with rank of General of Nepal Army