India, which has been elected as a non-permanent member of the Security Council, will serve as the president of the powerful 15-nation UN body for the month of August, 2021. After securing 184 out of the total 192 votes on 17th June 2020, for a period of 2 years. India’s term will begin on 1st January 2021. Apart from India, Norway, Kenya, Ireland, and Mexico were also elected for a period of 2 years as non-permanent members.
The post of the presidency of the UN Security Council is rotated among the 15 member states (5 permanent, 10 non-permanent) every Month. Based on that, India will have the Presidency of the UN Security Council in the month of August 2021 and again for a month in the year 2022. India will be United Nations Security Council (UNSC) President for August 2021
This is the 8th time that India will sit at the Council’s horseshoe-shaped table. India was last elected as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the years 2011-2012.
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
For ensuring peace and security across the world, the United Nations has a total of six- principal organs, out of the six, the Security Council is one of the principal organs. The United Nations Security Council was formed in the year 1945.
The Council has a total of 15 member states of which 5 are permanent members (United States, France, China, Russia, and the United Kingdom), this 5 permanent members only have the right to use the power of veto against any resolution.
The remaining 10 non-permanent members are elected among the other member states of the United Nations for a period of 2 years. In 2021, the newly-elected members India, Ireland, Kenya, Norway and Mexico will sit at the UN high-table along with the five permanent members — China, France, Russia, the UK and the US — as well as non-permanent members Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Vietnam. The two-year terms of Belgium, Dominican Republic, Germany, Indonesia and South Africa are ending this year.
As compared to the other principal organs of the United Nations, the UNSC is the only authorized body under the United Nations that can issue a binding resolution on the member states if the members of the Council vote in favor of the resolution. India will be United Nations Security Council (UNSC) President for August 2021