Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin formally agreed to establish bilateral “2+2 Ministerial Dialogue”. The “2+2 Ministerial” dialogue is held between the defence ministers and foreign ministers of the countries.

2+2 Dialogue

  • India already holds similar dialogues with USA, Australia and Japan.
  • The Russian Fedeartion is the first non-QUAD member with which India is to hold the dialogue.
  • In the 2021, President Putin is to visit India to hold the India-Russia bilateral summit. The summit is alternatively held in India and Russia.

India and Russia

  • Presently, Russia is the largest India’s Defence Supplier. Also, the key defence systems of India such as S-400 are bought from Russia.
  • Both India and Russia are members of SCO, BRICS.
  • Russia supports India for its permanent membership at the UN Security Council.
  • Both had earlier set a trade target of reaching $30 billion of trade by 2025. The dialogue will help them achieve the target. Previously, the countries agreed to establish the International North-South Transport Corridor, cooperation at the Eurasian Economic Union and Chennai-Vladivostok Maritime Corridor.
  • The Astronauts shortlisted for the Human Space Flight Programme of India were trained by Russian Space Agency.
  • India’s Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in Tamil Nadu is built with Russian Cooperation.
  • India recently approved Russia’s Sputnik V. It is the 3rd vaccine to be approved in the country after COVAXIN and COVISHIELD.

What agreements govern India and Russia relations?

In the year 1971, Both countries signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship. This agreement was the manifestation of shared goals between India and Russia. After the dissolution of Soviet Union in the year 1991, India and Russia signed the Military-Technical Cooperation Agreement.

India-Russia to establish 2+2 Dialogue India-Russia to establish 2+2 Dialogue