Recently India has made a fresh proposal at the World Trade Organisation for the establishing the mechanism of true vaccine internationalism. India has also warned developed nations who are blocking proposal of temporary waiver of the intellectual property obligations.

India warned them that even if they vaccinate all the citizens, they will be at the risk of sluggish recovery in case the infection continues to spread with same pace in the emerging markets. With that, India has called for the immediate start of text-based negotiations so as to work out on the modalities for TRIPS waiver.

Backdrop

The World Trade Organisation General Council also received a status report from Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) council regarding the proposal that was put forward by India and South Africa. Both India and South Africa had put the proposal for a temporary waiver from some provisions of the TRIPS agreement in October, 2020.  This was done in a bid of the prevention, containment and treatment of the coronavirus.

World’s reaction

The waiver proposal was co-sponsored by 57 members countries mainly comprising of the developing countries and Least Developed Countries. Many of the countries have supported it on the floor. However, developed nations & members like the USA, the European Union , Switzerland and Japan are opposing the proposal.

TRIPS

The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights is an international legal agreement between the members of WTO. The TRIPS establishes a minimum standard regarding the regulation different forms of intellectual property by national governments. The agreement was negotiated in between 1989 & 1990 at the end of the Uruguay Round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). TRIPS is administered by World Trade Organisation.

GATT

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade is a legal agreement between those countries who wants to promote the international trade by reducing the trade barriers like tariffs.

India Proposes for TRIPS Waiver at WTO India Proposes for TRIPS Waiver at WTO