Highlights

Indian apex body ICMR has warned that India is likely to miss the national target of ending AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) in nationwide by 2030. According to the medical council, this is mainly due to the halted progress of several health programmes due to COVID-19 pandemic.

According to Indian Council of Medical Research, the yearly decline of annual new HIV infections between 2010 and 2017 was 27 per cent. Under the new target, Govt intended to reduce AIDS in the country by 75 per cent by 2020. This seems highly ambitious and now has become challenging with COVID-19 crisis.

Findings of the Study

The Study says that national adult prevalence of HIV amongst male was 0.22 per cent in 2017. The states of Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland had the highest prevalence of over 1%. There were 2.1 million (21 lakh) people living with AIDS in 2017. Maharashtra is estimated to have the highest number of all the states.

In 2017 alone, there were 88,000 yearly new AIDS cases reported in the nationwide. The number of people that died due to AIDS in the country were 69,000 yearly.

State Wise

The states with highest number of people living with HIV were Maharashtra (330,000), Andhra Pradesh (270,000), Karnataka (240,000). The other states that had highest number of AIDS infected cases were West Bengal, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and UP. These states had cases between 0.2 and 0.1 million patients.

The study says that there are rising new infections in low-burden states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, and Uttarakhand.

Targets

India had critical targets set such as prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. The target is to be achieved by 2020. Of 22,677 cases of mother-to-child transmission cases, only 58.2 per cent were under treatment as of December 2018. The states such as Telangana, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP had relatively higher Prevention of mother-to-child transmission.

India likely to miss AIDS target by 2030