Recently Two friendly nation India and Germany have signed a MoU on “Cities Combating Plastic Entering the Marine Environment”. It is in line with the objective of Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban.

Memorandum of Understanding

  • According to the Memorandum of Understanding, the project to be implemented mainly focuses on sustainable solid waste management.
  • It will help India achieve the goal of phasing out single use plastics by 2022.
  • The project is being launched under the Joint Declaration made by the countries regarding cooperation in the field of Prevention of Marine Litter. The declaration was signed by India and Germany in the year 2019.
  • The bilateral project is to be implemented mainly in the states of Kerala, Uttar Pradesh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • It is to be implemented for a period of three and a half years.
  • It will mainly support cities such as Port Blair, Kochi and Kanpur.

Points To Note

  • The bilateral project will help the cities in improving their system of garbage collection, segregation.
  • It will also work towards enhancing marketing of plastic wastes.

Significance of the Project

Around 15 per cent to 20 per cent of the plastics entering the oceans are through the riverine system. Of this, 90 per cent are contributed by the 10 most polluted rivers in the world. Two of these rivers are located in India. They are the Ganges and Brahmaputra.


  • India lags in data of exact plastics being dumped in the oceans.
  • With COVID-19 outbreak, the use of Personal Protective Equipment has increased that is often discarded in unscientific ways.

Current Situation

  • India is the 12th largest source of marine litter in the world. By the year 2025, it is expected to become the 5th largest source of marine litter.
  • India consumes 16.5 million tonnes of plastics annually. Of this, 43 per cent are single use plastic material.

India-Germany Bilateral Trade

Germany is India’s largest trading partner in Europe. Bilateral trade
grew from Euro 15.96 billion to Euro 20.41 billion in the 2018. In the period January
to November 2019, total bilateral trade stood at Euro 19.35 billion. Germany is
the 7th largest foreign direct investor in India since April 2000. Germany’s total
FDI in India from April 2000 until June 2019 amounted to US$ 11.9 billion.

India-Germany MoU on Cities combating plastic entering the marine environment India-Germany MoU on Cities combating plastic entering the marine environment